Verkhoyansk Range

Coordinates: 67°N 129°E / 67°N 129°E / 67; 129
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Verkhoyansk Range
Верхоянский хребет
Үөһээ Дьааҥы сис хайата
Aerial view of the Verkhoyansk Mountains
Highest point
PeakOrulgan high point
Elevation2,409 m (7,904 ft)
Coordinates67°N 129°E / 67°N 129°E / 67; 129
Length1,100 km (680 mi)
Verkhoyansk Range is located in Far Eastern Federal District
Verkhoyansk Range
Verkhoyansk Range
Location in the Far Eastern Federal District, Russia
StateSakha Republic
Parent rangeEast Siberian System
OrogenyAlpine orogeny
Age of rockCretaceous
Type of rockMetamorphic rocks

The Verkhoyansk Range (Russian: Верхоянский хребет, Verkhojanskiy Khrebet; Yakut: Үөһээ Дьааҥы сис хайата, Üöhee Caaŋı sis xayata) is a mountain range in the Sakha Republic, Russia near the settlement of Verkhoyansk, well-known for its frigid climate. It is part of the East Siberian Mountains.

The range lies just west of the boundary of the Eurasian and the North American tectonic plates.[1] The mountains were formed by folding, and represent an anticline.[2]

The Verkhoyansk Range was covered by glaciers during the Last Glacial Period and the mountains in the northern section, such as the Orulgan Range, display a typical Alpine relief.

There are coal, silver, lead, tin and zinc deposits in the mountains.


Rising from the shores of the Buor-Khaya Gulf in the north, it runs southwards spanning roughly 1000 km (600 mi.) across Yakutia, east of the Central Yakutian Lowland, and west of the Chersky Range, reaching the Lena Plateau to the south and the Yudoma-Maya Highlands to the southeast. It forms a vast arc between the Lena and Aldan rivers to the west and the Yana River to the east.

The Verkhoyansk Range has a higher southeastern prolongation, the Suntar-Khayata Range, that is occasionally considered as a separate range system. Thus the highest point of the range in a restricted geographical sense is an unnamed 2,409 metres (7,904 ft) high peak in the Orulgan Range.[3] The Ulakhan-Bom, highest point 1,600 metres (5,200 ft), Sette-Daban, highest point 2,012 metres (6,601 ft), Skalisty Range (Rocky Range), highest point 2,017 metres (6,617 ft), are located at the southern end and were also considered separate ranges in classical geographic works. The two ranges were surveyed in 1934 by geologist Yuri Bilibin (1901—1952) together with mining engineer Evgeny Bobin (1897—1941) in the course of an expedition sent by the government of the Soviet Union. After conducting the first topographic survey of the area Bilibin established that the Skalisty and Sette-Daban mountain chains belong to the Verkhoyansk Mountain System. Bilibin and Bobin also explored for the first time the Yudoma-Maya Highlands, located to the southeast of the Ulakhan-Bom/Sette-Daban/Skalisty ranges.[4]


Besides the Orulgan, the system of the range comprises a number of subranges, as well as a plateau,[5] including the following:[6]

Verkhoyansk Range
Northern section —north of the Arctic Circle
Southern section —south of the Arctic Circle
Far southern section (Part of the greater Verkhoyansk Range, together with the Suntar Khayata)
Verkhoyansk Range. Area of rugged ridges.
Landscape of the Verkhoyansk Range with smooth mountains and intermontane basins.


The Verkhoyansk mountain system separates the basins of the Lena River to the west and southwest and the Omoloy and Yana to the east and northeast. It is deeply cut by riverine intermontane basins. Many right tributaries of the Lena flow westwards, having their sources in the range, including the Kyundyudey, Undyulyung, Begidyan, Sobolokh-Mayan, Menkere, Dzhardzhan, Uel-Siktyakh, Kuranakh-Siktyakh, Byosyuke, Tikyan, Dyanyshka, Lyapiske, Belyanka, Munni, Kele, Tukulan, Tumara, Nuora and Baray, among others. To the northeast flow left tributaries of the Omoloy such as the Kuranakh-Yuryakh, Arga-Yuryakh, Bukhuruk and Sietinde. The Tompo cuts across the range in its southern part flowing from its source in the Suntar Khayata. The valley of the Aldan is located to the south, where the river makes a wide bend.

From the eastern slopes flow rivers Dulgalakh and Sartang, which form river Yana further north, as well as its tributaries Bytantay, Nelgese, Derbeke and Baky, among others.

Rivers in the mountainous areas are usually frozen between September and May.[3]

Climate and flora[edit]

The world's lowest temperatures for inhabited places have been recorded in this region, and there is quite deep snow cover for most of the year.

The mountain range is home to an alpine tundra, supporting various species of mosses and lichens.[2] Some sparsely-wooded forests of mainly larch and dwarf Siberian pine are found on smooth slopes.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ News Archive - The Earth Institute at Columbia University
  2. ^ a b "Verkhoyansk Mountains". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Verkhoyansk Range // Great Soviet Encyclopedia: [in 30 vols.] / Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov. - 3rd ed. - M. Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978.
  4. ^ Essays on the History of Geographical Discoveries (in Russian)
  5. ^ Okoneshnikova, M. V., Ivanova, A. Z., Desyatkin, R. V Soils of the Verkhoyansk Range in the Area of Arkachan Plateau
  6. ^ Oleg Leonidovič Kryžanovskij, A Checklist of the Ground-beetles of Russia and Adjacent Lands. p. 16
  7. ^ Predominant heights of the Verkhoyansk Range
  8. ^ Хребет Усть-Вилюйский - Wikimapia
  9. ^ Snow Cover and Glaciers

External links[edit]